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Robinhood Review

Blain Reinkensmeyer

Written by Blain Reinkensmeyer, Chris McKhann
Edited by Carolyn Kimball
Fact-checked by Steven Hatzakis

November 10, 2022

Robinhood is very easy to use; however, now that all online brokers offer $0 stock and ETF trades, Robinhood's lack of trading tools and research leaves it a step behind the competition.

Robinhood
3.5 Stars Overall
  • Minimum Deposit: $0.00
  • Stock Trades: $0.00
  • Options (Per Contract): $0.00
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Top Takeaways for 2022

After spending three months testing 15 of the best online brokers for our 12th Annual Review, here are our top findings on Robinhood:

  1. Thanks to a clean design that focuses on the basics, Robinhood's mobile app remains one of the top contenders in our analysis for ease of use, and thus may appeal to beginner investors.
  2. Robinhood provides a bare-bones trading experience, making it a poor choice for investors seeking the best trading platform. Also, Robinhood's stock research tools are severely lacking when compared to $0 brokers such as TD Ameritrade, Charles Schwab, and Fidelity.
  3. At $5/month ($60 per year), the Robinhood Gold account level is not a good deal unless you have a large account balance, frequently place trades and consistently use margin. See "Robinhood Gold" under Commissions and Fees below.

Overall summary

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Overall 3.5 Stars
Investment Options 3 Stars
Commissions & Fees 4.5 Stars
Mobile Trading Apps 4 Stars
Platforms & Tools 2 Stars
Research 2 Stars
Customer Service N/A
Education 3 Stars
Ease Of Use 5 Stars

Offering of investments

Robinhood offers stocks, ETFs, options, and cryptocurrency trading. However, mutual funds and bonds are not supported at Robinhood, nor is futures trading.

Cryptocurrency: Robinhood allows users to trade the following cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin (BTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin SV (BSV), Dogecoin (DOGE), Ethereum (ETH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), and Litecoin (LTC).

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Stock Trading Yes
Margin Trading Yes
OTCBB / Pink Sheets No
Options Trading Yes
Complex Options Max Legs 4
Bonds (US Treasury) No
Futures Trading No
Forex Trading No
Mutual Funds (Total) 0
Advisor Services No
Crypto Trading Yes
Crypto Trading - Total Coins 17
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Commissions and fees

Like many other $0 commission-free brokers, Robinhood charges no commission for trading stocks, ETFs, options, or cryptocurrency. Like other such brokers, to make money, Robinhood’s order routing relies on payment for order flow, or PFOF, in which the broker sells a customer’s order to wholesale market makers.

Penny stocks: Robinhood does not support trading OTC stocks. The only penny stocks supported by Robinhood are stocks that trade on either the NASDAQ or NYSE.

Robinhood Gold: In our testing, we found the Robinhood Gold account level lacking in value for most traders. Robinhood Gold costs $5 per month to gain access to Morningstar reports, Level II streaming quotes, and margin trading (which charges 5.75% annual interest for accounts with over $1,000). Competitors TD Ameritrade, E*TRADE, and Charles Schwab all charge higher margin rates but offer measurably better stock research, trading tools and customer service for the same $0 per stock trade price. However, a notable new feature is that Gold account holders who opt in to Robinhood's "cash sweep" program can earn a very competitive 3.75% annual percentage yield on uninvested money. Cash sweep customers who are not Gold members earn 1.5% APY.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Minimum Deposit $0.00
Stock Trades $0.00
Penny Stock Fees (OTCCB) N/A
ETF Trade Fee $0.00
Options (Base Fee) $0.00
Options (Per Contract) $0.00
Options Exercise Fee $0.00
Options Assignment Fee $0.00
Futures (Per Contract) N/A
Mutual Fund Trade Fee
Broker Assisted Trade Fee
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Mobile trading apps

Robinhood's mobile app is fast, simple and one of the best on those terms. For stock trading, Robinhood has the functionality required to be productive: basic watch lists, basic stock quotes with charts and analyst ratings, recent news and streaming Bloomberg TV, alongside simple trade entry.

Ease of use: Robinhood initially led the way in the field in terms of ease of use when it came to its mobile app. Now that others have caught up in this realm, Robinhood’s primary edge is gone.

Watch lists: Robinhood's focus on simplicity also has several notable drawbacks. Besides automatically syncing across devices, the watch list functionality is minimal, with just a handful of optional columns beyond the last price and percentage change. In comparison, TradeStation offers over 300, and TD Ameritrade offers over 500.

Charting: When pulling a stock quote, charts cannot be modified beyond six default date ranges and two chart types. Also, no technical analysis can be conducted, and landscape mode is not supported for horizontal viewing. Pulling stock quotes using the free Yahoo Finance or CNBC mobile app, in contrast, provides a superior charting experience.

Trading tools: Robinhood’s trading tools are minimal at best and are outpaced by virtually all of the competition. The options discovery tab does allow you to put in your view of the direction of the underlying and give suggested trades, and you can build multi-legged options strategies relatively easily.

Price alerts: Robinhood does not enable users to set custom price alerts for individual stocks. This is surprising, as stock price alerts are an industry standard feature.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
iPhone App Yes
Android App Yes
Apple Watch App Yes
Stock Alerts Yes
Charting - After-Hours Yes
Charting - Technical Studies 6
Charting - Study Customizations Yes
Watch List (Streaming) No
Watch Lists - Create & Manage Yes
Watch Lists - Column Customization Yes

Other trading platforms and tools

Robinhood is optimized for individuals who are new to investing and want to start with the core basics. However, once you learn how to invest, Robinhood may no longer meet your needs, as Robinhood’s range of trading tools and features pales in comparison to those of the best online stock brokers.

Platforms overview: In addition to the mobile app, there is a web-based platform that is virtually identical to the app. That makes it feel quite simplistic and overly basic compared to the detailed tools and platforms of its competitors.

Trading tools: The trading tools and features available on Robinhood's website are minimal compared to category leaders. For example, charts are rudimentary, with just four technical indicators available.

Fractional shares: Robinhood's greatest strength is in its simplicity. Its recurring investment tool, for instance, enables you to automatically invest a fixed dollar amount periodically, such as once per week. Similarly, if you enable dividend reinvestment (DRIP) in your account, Robinhood automatically reinvests any earned dividends from stocks or ETFs, provided the related symbols support fractional share trading.

Options trading: Options trading is simple and straightforward. The option chains are unorthodox, but the drop-down for each option does include the Greeks (risk measurements). You can also build multi-leg option strategies very easily. When you do, you are presented with an “expected profit and loss” diagram, as well as the max profit, the max loss and the breakeven, all of which are very useful.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Active Trading Platform
Desktop Trading Platform No
Desktop Platform (Mac) No
Web Trading Platform Yes
Paper Trading No
Trade Journal No
Watch Lists - Total Fields 3
Charting - Indicators / Studies 6
Charting - Drawing Tools 0
Charting - Study Customizations 1
Charting - Save Profiles No
Trade Ideas - Technical Analysis No
Streaming Time & Sales No
Trade Ideas - Backtesting No
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Research

Robinhood's overall research experience is severely lacking across the board and trails industry leaders TD Ameritrade, Charles Schwab, and Fidelity, who all also offer $0 trades.

Stock and ETFs research: Robinhood offers analyst ratings, "people also bought" recommendations and sections such as "about" for reading up on company bios. It's a cut-and-dried experience focused on simplicity. There are also lists on Robinhood, which are akin to predefined stock screeners with few information points such as market cap size and current prices. This is adequate for some investors; others will be left wanting more.

Gaining access to Morningstar research reports requires subscribing to Robinhood Gold for $5 per month ($60/year). At competitors such as Fidelity, Charles Schwab, or TD Ameritrade, customers have access to at least seven third-party reports, all included for free.

Robinhood Snacks: If there is one highlight with Robinhood's research, it is the Robinhood Snacks newsletter and podcast. The Robinhood Snacks editorial team summarizes the market each day in an easy-to-understand, digestible format. The newsletter is excellent.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Research - Stocks Yes
Stock Research - ESG No
Stock Research - PDF Reports 0
Screener - Stocks No
Research - ETFs Yes
Screener - ETFs No
Research - Mutual Funds No
Screener - Mutual Funds No
Research - Pink Sheets / OTCBB Yes
Research - Bonds No

Education

Alongside the standout Robinhood Snacks newsletter and podcast, Robinhood offers a basic educational area aimed primarily at beginner investors.

Learning center: A library compiles a range of articles with beginners in mind, including topics such as “What is a stock?” and “What is a crypto wallet?” Overall, I found the content to be of good quality. That said, there are no advanced articles, videos or webinars, and progress tracking is not available.

Robinhood's recently launched YouTube channel is entirely dedicated to research, and it would make logical sense to add educational content there as well. In the meantime, education is a category where Robinhood is making notable progress, but still trails industry leaders.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Education (Stocks) Yes
Education (ETFs) No
Education (Options) Yes
Education (Mutual Funds) No
Education (Bonds) No
Education (Retirement) No
Paper Trading No
Videos No
Webinars No
Webinars (Archived) No
Progress Tracking No
Interactive Learning - Quizzes No
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Banking services

Robinhood is not a traditional bank with branch offices, credit cards, mortgages, wire transfers, and the like. For a list of brokers that are also banks, read our guide to the best brokerages for banking services .

Cash management: Though it’s not a bank, Robinhood offers a cash management account, which includes use of a debit card. With the cash management account, any uninvested cash is swept to partner banks, where, as with any savings account, the net yield fluctuates alongside interest rates; money is also protected by FDIC insurance.

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Bank (Member FDIC) No
Checking Accounts No
Savings Accounts No
Credit Cards No
Debit Cards Yes
Mortgage Loans No

Final thoughts

For investors looking for a simple, easy-to-use stock trading app, Robinhood gets the job done. But beyond that, Robinhood will leave you wanting more, especially as $0 trades are now available everywhere.

Is Robinhood completely free?

The short answer is yes, technically Robinhood is free and charges $0 for stock, options, and cryptocurrency trades. However, certain features require a $5/month subscription to Robinhood Gold, and Robinhood does accept payment for order flow, or PFOF. Here's Robinhood's Fees disclosure PDF.

Is Robinhood good for beginners?

Robinhood is a great choice for beginners due to the simplicity of its trading app and a website platform that focuses on the core investing basics for new investors.

Robinhood’s simple user interface makes it easy to navigate and carry out basic trading and investing operations. On the other hand, once you gain basic experience, you might find the range of trading tools available limited at Robinhood.

What is the catch with Robinhood?

Unlike most online stock brokers, Robinhood does not offer trading of mutual funds; only stocks, ETFs, and crypto, are supported. And while Robinhood does offer commission-free trading, it earns money from your business in a number of ways.

For example, Robinhood receives Payment for Order Flow, or PFOF, from venues where it routes your trades; while PFOF is a common industry practice, it may not be fully understood by new traders. Robinhood also may earn a fee from the program banks to which it sweeps funds from customers’ cash management accounts. The broker also charges $5 per month for its premium Gold Pricing package, which provides Level II real-time data and research reports from Morningstar, in addition to other account service fees, including 5.75% charged for margin accounts with more than $1,000.

What is the downside to Robinhood?

Robinhood lacks advanced features including trading tools, and although it's worth noting that the broker continues to refine and improve its offering, it still lags other brokers in categories such as platforms and tools, mobile, education, research, and offering of investments.

Also, because there are many users on Robinhood who follow the crowd, there can be periods when the platform may be down because many people are trying to do the same thing at once, such as buying a particular security.

How do I get my money out of Robinhood without paying any fees?

First, sell all your stocks and any other positions. Next, transfer all your cash via ACH to your bank account (ACH transfers are free). Finally, contact Robinhood to close your account. If you transfer stock holdings to another broker, Robinhood will charge you a $75 ACAT fee. Switching brokers? See our list of the best online stock brokers for 2022.

Can I day trade stocks using Robinhood?

You need at least $25,000 in your account to day trade with Robinhood (all brokers require at least $25,000 by law), otherwise your account is restricted to just three day trades every rolling five business days. That said, even if you had $25,000, I wouldn't recommend Robinhood. Read our best day trading platforms guide.

Can I buy and sell Bitcoin with Robinhood?

Yes. Robinhood currently offers seven tradeable cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Litecoin (LTC), Dogecoin (DOGE), Ethereum Classic (ETC), and Bitcoin SV (BSV). Ten additional cryptocurrencies can be added to any watch list.

Can you trade penny stocks with Robinhood?

No. You cannot trade penny stocks on Robinhood. Over-the-counter (OTC) securities are not supported. However, Robinhood customers can trade company shares listed on the NASDAQ and NYSE whose stock price is currently below $1.00.

Can you trade international stocks with Robinhood?

Yes. Robinhood offers customers the opportunity to buy and sell over 250 popular American Depositary Receipts (ADRs), including shares in companies such as Adidas (ADDYY), Tencent (TCEHY), and Nintendo (NTDOY). That said, Robinhood does not support trading stocks on international exchanges, e.g., the Royal Bank of Canada on the Toronto stock exchange (RY.TO).

Is Robinhood safe?

Like its competitors, Robinhood is regulated by the SEC and is a registered member of the SIPC and FINRA (CRD #165998) in the United States. The company has its headquarters in Palo Alto, California, and has reported several security breaches since its launch in 2013.

Do any of Robinhood’s competitors offer $0 trading?

Yes. TD Ameritrade, E*TRADE, TradeStation, and Charles Schwab, among others, all offer $0 stock trades. Compare Robinhood vs TD Ameritrade.

Can I trade immediately after opening my Robinhood account?

When you open and fund an account with Robinhood, the broker is unique in that it provides you access to up to $1,000 in funds, available immediately for trading while your ACH transfer deposit processes. Under normal ACH transfers, the average processing time is two to three days.

How do I contact Robinhood customer support?

Unlike most of the best online brokers for beginners, Robinhood does not offer a direct phone line or live chat support. Instead, users must email support@robinhood.com or use the app to request a callback.

About Robinhood

Founded in 2013 and based in Menlo Park, California, Robinhood is an online broker that has raised $2.2 billion in venture capital funding and has more than 22 million users. The broker, which appeals primarily to millennial do-it-yourself investors, is best known for offering $0 stock, ETF, options and cryptocurrency trades via an easy-to-use website and mobile trading app.

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2022 Review Methodology

Our mission at StockBrokers.com is simple: provide thorough and unbiased reviews of online brokers, based on an extraordinary level of hands-on testing and data collection. Our ratings and awards are based on this data and our experts’ deep authority in the field; brokers cannot pay for preferential treatment. Here’s more about trustworthiness at StockBrokers.com.

For the StockBrokers.com 12th Annual Review published in January 2022, a total of 3,075 data points were collected over three months and used to score 15 top brokers. This makes StockBrokers.com home to the largest independent database on the web covering the online broker industry.

As part of our annual review process, all brokers had the opportunity to provide updates and key milestones and complete an in-depth data profile, which we hand-checked for accuracy. Brokers also were offered the opportunity to provide executive time for an annual update meeting.

Our rigorous data validation process yields an error rate of less than .001% each year, providing site visitors quality data they can trust. Learn more about how we test.

Robinhood fees and features data

The data collection efforts at StockBrokers.com are unmatched in the industry. The following tables show a deeper dive into the offerings available at this broker. You can also compare its offerings side-by-side with those of other brokers using our Comparison Tool.

In addition to meticulous annual data collection by our in-house analyst, every broker that participates in our review is afforded the opportunity to complete an in-depth data profile. We then audit each data point to ensure its accuracy.

Trading fees

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Minimum Deposit $0.00
Stock Trades $0.00
Mutual Fund Trade Fee
Options (Base Fee) $0.00
Options (Per Contract) $0.00
Futures (Per Contract) N/A
Broker Assisted Trade Fee

Account fees

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
IRA Annual Fee N/A
IRA Closure Fee N/A
Account Transfer Out (Partial) $100.00
Account Transfer Out (Full) $100.00
Options Exercise Fee $0.00
Options Assignment Fee $0.00

Margin rates

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Margin Rate Under $24,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate $25,000.00 to $49,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate $50,000.00 to $99,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate $100,000.00 to $249,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate $250,000.00 to $499,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate $500,000.00 to $999,999.99 9.75%
Margin Rate Above $1,000,000.00 9.75%

Investment options

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Stock Trading Yes
Margin Trading Yes
Fractional Shares Yes
OTCBB / Pink Sheets No
Options Trading Yes
Complex Options Max Legs 4
Futures Trading No
Forex Trading No
Crypto Trading Yes
Crypto Trading - Total Coins 17
Mutual Funds (No Load) 0
Mutual Funds (Total) 0
Bonds (US Treasury) No
Bonds (Corporate) No
Bonds (Municipal) No
Advisor Services No
International Countries (Stocks) 0
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Order types

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Order Type - Market Yes
Order Type - Limit Yes
Order Type - After Hours Yes
Order Type - Stop Yes
Order Type - Trailing Stop Yes
Order Type - OCO No
Order Type - OTO No
Order Type - Broker Assisted No

Beginners

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Education (Stocks) Yes
Education (ETFs) No
Education (Options) Yes
Education (Mutual Funds) No
Education (Bonds) No
Education (Retirement) No
Retirement Calculator No
Investor Dictionary Yes
Paper Trading No
Videos No
Webinars No
Webinars (Archived) No
Progress Tracking No
Interactive Learning - Quizzes No
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Stock trading apps

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
iPhone App Yes
Android App Yes
Apple Watch App Yes
Trading - Stocks Yes
Trading - After-Hours Yes
Trading - Simple Options Yes
Trading - Complex Options Yes
Order Ticket RT Quotes Yes
Order Ticket SRT Quotes Yes

Stock app features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Market Movers (Top Gainers) Yes
Stream Live TV No
Videos on Demand No
Stock Alerts Yes
Option Chains Viewable Yes
Watch List (Real-time) Yes
Watch List (Streaming) No
Watch Lists - Create & Manage Yes
Watch Lists - Column Customization Yes
Watch Lists - Total Fields 3

Stock app charting

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Charting - After-Hours Yes
Charting - Can Turn Horizontally No
Charting - Multiple Time Frames Yes
Charting - Technical Studies 6
Charting - Study Customizations Yes
Charting - Stock Comparisons No

Trading platforms overview

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Active Trading Platform
Desktop Trading Platform No
Desktop Platform (Mac) No
Web Trading Platform Yes
Paper Trading No
Trade Journal No
Watch Lists - Total Fields 3

Trading platform stock chart features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Charting - Adjust Trades on Chart No
Charting - Indicators / Studies 6
Charting - Drawing Tools 0
Charting - Notes No
Charting - Index Overlays No
Charting - Historical Trades No
Charting - Corporate Events No
Charting - Custom Date Range No
Charting - Custom Time Bars No
Charting - Automated Analysis No
Charting - Save Profiles No
Trade Ideas - Technical Analysis No
Charting - Study Customizations 1
Charting - Custom Studies No
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Day trading features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Streaming Time & Sales No
Streaming TV No
Direct Market Routing - Stocks No
Ladder Trading No
Trade Hot Keys No
Level 2 Quotes - Stocks No
Trade Ideas - Backtesting No
Trade Ideas - Backtesting Adv No
Short Locator No
Order Liquidity Rebates No

Investment research overview

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Research - Stocks Yes
Research - ETFs Yes
Research - Mutual Funds No
Research - Pink Sheets / OTCBB Yes
Research - Bonds No
Screener - Stocks No
Screener - ETFs No
Screener - Mutual Funds No
Screener - Bonds No
Misc - Portfolio Allocation Yes

Stock research features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Stock Research - PDF Reports 0
Stock Research - Earnings Yes
Stock Research - Insiders No
Stock Research - Social No
Stock Research - News Yes
Stock Research - ESG No
Stock Research - SEC Filings No

ETF research features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
ETFs - Strategy Overview Yes
ETF Fund Facts - Inception Date Yes
ETF Fund Facts - Expense Ratio Yes
ETF Fund Facts - Net Assets No
ETF Fund Facts - Total Holdings Yes
ETFs - Top 10 Holdings Yes
ETFs - Sector Exposure Yes
ETFs - Risk Analysis No
ETFs - Ratings No
ETFs - Morningstar StyleMap No
ETFs - PDF Reports No
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Mutual fund research features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Mutual Funds - Strategy Overview No
Mutual Funds - Performance Chart No
Mutual Funds - Performance Analysis No
Mutual Funds - Prospectus No
Mutual Funds - 3rd Party Ratings No
Mutual Funds - Fees Breakdown No
Mutual Funds - Top 10 Holdings No
Mutual Funds - Asset Allocation No
Mutual Funds - Sector Allocation No
Mutual Funds - Country Allocation No
Mutual Funds - StyleMap No
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Options trading overview

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Option Chains - Basic View Yes
Option Chains - Strategy View No
Option Chains - Streaming Yes
Option Chains - Total Columns 17
Option Chains - Greeks 5
Option Chains - Quick Analysis Yes
Option Analysis - P&L Charts Yes
Option Probability Analysis No
Option Probability Analysis Adv No
Option Positions - Greeks Yes
Option Positions - Greeks Streaming Yes
Option Positions - Adv Analysis No
Option Positions - Rolling Yes
Option Positions - Grouping Yes
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Banking features

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Bank (Member FDIC) No
Checking Accounts No
Savings Accounts No
Credit Cards No
Debit Cards Yes
Mortgage Loans No

Customer service options

Feature Robinhood logoRobinhood
Phone Support (Prospect Customers) No
Phone Support (Current Customers) Yes
Email Support Yes
Live Chat (Prospect Customers) No
Live Chat (Current Customers) Yes
24/7 Support Yes

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About the Author

Blain Reinkensmeyer
Blain Reinkensmeyer

Blain Reinkensmeyer has 20 years of trading experience with over 2,500 trades placed during that time. He heads research for all U.S.-based brokerages on StockBrokers.com and is respected by executives as the leading expert covering the online broker industry. Blain’s insights have been featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Forbes, and the Chicago Tribune, among other media outlets.


Chris McKhann
Chris McKhann

Chris McKhann has been in the industry for more than 20 years. He has worked for many of the top names in the online trading space, including TD Ameritrade and optionMONSTER, which later became part of E*TRADE. His work has been cited in the Wall Street Journal, Reuters, the Financial Times, Forbes, CNBC, Nasdaq.com and Nikkei. He has also been an advisor and outside trader for several hedge funds. He was one of the first traders to delve into the VIX tradable products and to write about them (back in 2006). Chris is also an educator who teaches high school statistics, finance and computer science.


Carolyn Kimball
Carolyn Kimball

Carolyn Kimball is managing editor for Reink Media and the lead editor for the StockBrokers.com Annual Review. Carolyn has more than 20 years of writing and editing experience at major media outlets including NerdWallet, the Los Angeles Times and the San Jose Mercury News. She specializes in coverage of personal financial products and services, wielding her editing skills to clarify complex (some might say befuddling) topics to help consumers make informed decisions about their money.


Steven Hatzakis
Steven Hatzakis

Steven Hatzakis is the Global Director of Research for ForexBrokers.com. Steven previously served as an Editor for Finance Magnates, where he authored over 1,000 published articles about the online finance industry. Steven is an active fintech and crypto industry researcher and advises blockchain companies at the board level. Over the past 20 years, Steven has held numerous positions within the international forex markets, from writing to consulting to serving as a registered commodity futures representative.


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